Types of Hosting. Choosing a hosting provider for a website

Types of Hosting. Choosing a hosting provider for a website

The service of hosting a website on the network is called hosting. Before you start looking for a hosting provider, you need to understand the types of services they provide.

Summary and related links

Free hosting Shared hosting Virtual Dedicated Hosting (VPS / VDS) Dedicated hosting Other types of hosting How to choose the right hosting provider Free hosting There are a number of services on the web that allow you to create and host a website for free. As a rule, these services require a pre-installed content management system, which makes it possible to create a simple web presence even for a beginner.


Zero cost. Ability to create a website in a constructor without knowledge of HTML and web programming languages. Disadvantages:Displaying ad units (universal website builders). Limited content management capabilities. The desire to “add the same shape, only with mother-of-pearl buttons” may become unrealizable, since the constructor makes it possible to assemble a site only from predefined blocks. Services that allow you to create your website for free can be divided into the following categories:You can also create a simple representative office of the company within the framework of social networks, for example, on Facebook.

Shared hosting

Shared hosting provides the website owner with more options than website builders, while remaining an affordable option.With a shared hosting service, the user gets:access to the server via file transfer protocol (FTP), access details to the hosting control panel A free domain name registration is often a bonus to a hosting package. Less common is the presence of a pre-installed content management system for the site.It is important to understand that within the framework of the virtual hosting service, a large number of sites of different clients are located on one physical server. In other words, a virtual server is a cauldron in which a large number of web projects of different sizes and degrees of gluttony are brewed. As the load on one of the sites increases, all clients whose sites are hosted on this server experience inconvenience. Due to the low cost of services, a number of hosting providers neglect security and do not differentiate user privileges. In this case, one of the clients can get unauthorized access to the data of other users of the same server.

Virtual Dedicated Hosting (VPS / VDS)

Security and resource constraints are addressed in Virtual Dedicated Hosting packages.As well as in the framework of the shared hosting service, a virtual dedicated server is shared by several clients, however, each of them has its own dedicated processor time, memory and disk space. For the user, the VPS service looks like he solely owns his own server.The difference between shared hosting and VPS is similar to the difference between a communal apartment and a multi-family home.

Dedicated hosting

When the neighborhood with other web projects is undesirable, it comes to your own dedicated server. The user does not share such a server with anyone and completely disposes of all available resources.There are two hosting options in terms of hardware ownershipRent (Dedicated). Assumes the lease of a hosting provider’s server. Collocation. It involves buying a server and placing it in the provider’s data center. Continuing the analogy between servers and housing, we can say that dedicated is renting a house, and collocation is full ownership of your own home.The types of hosting listed above are presented in order of increasing cost and project size.

Other types of hosting

When talking about hosting types, we should also mention a relatively new service that is in the phase of active development – cloud hosting.Cloud hosting is a specialized type of hosting that allows you to flexibly increase the amount of resources if necessary. Solutions for providing this type of hosting web projects are provided by Amazon, Microsoft, Rackspace and others.


A business card site can be hosted on both free and inexpensive shared hosting. A more complex web representation, designed to solve the marketing problems of a company, requires more capabilities that are provided by shared hosting and VPS / VDS. With the growth of the project and its attendance, migration to more complex types of hosting is inevitable.How to choose the right hosting provider We ask the price When choosing a hosting provider, you should pay attention to several points. Many are used to focusing on the price, so they will turn to free hosting first of all. As a result, you will receive a limited package of services, interruptions in work, the danger of a sudden closure and advertising that the hoster will place on your resource at its discretion. So, free hosting should be used only for training or a simple business card site.In the case of paid hosting, experienced webmasters also advise against “getting hung up” on price criteria – its height is not at all an indisputable quality indicator. On the other hand, the cheaper the tariff plan of a particular hosting provider, the less disk space for the site and databases you get, the fewer domains you can serve. Many providers offer small free trial periods or first month money back practices.

Technique, geography and support

Most hosting services support any programming languages and management systems used to create and operate sites . It is also important that the hosting provides the following technical capabilities: database support, CGI support, Ruby, Perl, Python, PHP , JSP, ASP (interfaces, applications, languages, technologies, tools that provide communication between an external program and a web server, databases , data interpretation, creation of dynamic pages and much more necessary for the site to work) and so on.When choosing a hosting provider, you need to assess the quantitative limitations of its servers, because your site will develop, and over time you may want to open other sites under your account. There are several types of restrictions – the amount of disk space provided on the server, the amount of traffic during the month, the number of sites in one account, the number and volume of mailboxes and databases, the number of concurrent processes per user, time for each process, etc.Hosting servers of different providers also differ in the operating system in which they are managed. It can be Linux or Windows. Both of these platforms are of high quality, despite the fact that Windows software is paid and Linux is not. The opportunities they provide are largely the same. However, if your site has a lot of dynamic content (forums, shopping cart, etc.) built with ASP technology, you need a Windows hosting platform, although it can be more expensive.The speed of your site and its accessibility to the user will be affected by the bandwidth of the information download channels, free RAM resources, the degree of remoteness of servers from the site audience. By the way, many Ukrainian and Russian hosters offer their clients servers for hosting sites, located not only in these countries, but also abroad. And if sites in the CIS itself or, for example, in Germany are suitable for an audience from the CIS, then, focusing on American users, it is worth looking for a server directly in the States. By the way, hosting sites on foreign servers is not such a useless practice, given the unstable legal environment and the possibility of blocking servers in Ukraine or Russia.Pay special attention to the support service – it is desirable that it works around the clock and is as customer-oriented as possible. Another good option on hosting is the automatic creation of backups (backups) of your site. Of course, you should do it yourself, but such a service from the hoster will definitely not hurt. Finally, it would be nice to understand what the server’s uptime is. It is almost impossible to check this indicator, you can decide with it only by working with one or another provider.

Virtuality in price

The specifics of hosting your site will also depend on the type of resource provided by the provider for its operation. So, with virtual hosting, many sites are located on one disk, the execution environment for all server users is the same. A virtual dedicated server (VDS / VPS) will mean that you have not only disk space for your site, but also server processor time and a part of the total memory. And in the case of a real dedicated server, you will get a whole separate server, which is necessary for complex and large projects. If desired, the site owner can install his equipment in the provider’s data center and get access to the Internet and service – this is called colocation. Finally, recently, cloud hosting technology has become increasingly popular,The cost of the tariff plan varies depending on which type of resource you choose. The cheapest and most common for sites that do not require large amounts of server space and memory and especially complex processes to maintain them is shared hosting. The cost of VDS / VPS and dedicated servers will be significantly higher. In addition, not every provider will offer dedicated servers and cloud technology.As already mentioned, dozens of hosting providers work in Ukraine and Russia. Below is a comparative table for those of them that are most often mentioned in the top of the respective ratings and receive positive responses from webmasters. Assessment of the pros and cons of work concerns shared hosting as the most demanded service for average websites.

Hosting Ukraine:

Server placement: Ukraine, Germany, Russia, USA Shared hosting price (USD / month): From 3.46 Other types of hosting: VPS / VDS; dedicated servers Advantages: 24-hour support service; site security; work with backups Disadvantages: Support phone – paid

HostPro :

Server placement: Ukraine, Russia, Holland Shared hosting price (USD / month): From 4.6 Other types of hosting: VPS / VDS; dedicated servers; “cloud” Advantages: Patented technologies; user-friendly interface; unlimited tariff plans; free domain registration Disadvantages: –

Freehost :

Server placement: Ukraine Shared hosting price (USD / month): From 4 (Linux – from 1.25) Other types of hosting: VPS / VDS; dedicated servers Advantages: Modern equipment; user-friendly interface Disadvantages: Information is not clear

Besthosting :

Server location: Ukraine, USA, Germany Shared hosting price (USD / month): From 2.39 Other types of hosting: VPS / VDS; dedicated servers Benefits: Effective support service; user-friendly interface; flexible tariff plans; free domain registration

Disadvantages: –

MiroHost :

Server placement: Ukraine Shared hosting price (USD / month): From 5.83 Other types of hosting: VPS / VDS (+ “cloud”); dedicated servers Advantages: The largest provider; stable equipment; free domain registration Disadvantages: No LiveChat; Quite high prices

Avahost :

Server placement: Ukraine, Russia, USA Shared hosting price (USD / month): From 3.95 Other types of hosting: VPS / VDS Advantages: Intuitive interface; efficient support service; video lessons Disadvantages: – Ukrainian hosting :Server placement: Ukraine Shared hosting price (USD / month): From 3.8 Other types of hosting: VPS / VDS; dedicated servers; “cloud” Advantages: Price / quality ratio; website promotion services Disadvantages: Ineffective support service; no LiveChat Choosing a hosting provider is a serious decision, but not irrevocable. If in the process of work you suddenly realized that you were mistaken, it is not so difficult to change the “registration”.